Coal Tattoo

What’s Sen. Byrd up to on mountaintop removal?


My buddy, Gazette investigative reporter Paul J. Nyden, has more details on the news Coal Tattoo reported this morning, about Sen. Robert C. Byrd, D-W.Va., sending staffers on a fact-finding mission to look into the impacts of mountaintop removal coal mining.

I think that this is an incredibly interesting piece of news, and it could be a game-changing development. Most sources I’ve talked to on both sides don’t think anything significant will come of it … but I’m going to wait and see.

Maybe Sen. Byrd was moved by Coal River Valley resident Bo Webb’s letter:

Sen. Byrd, as a grandfather, I write to you: If our grandchildren are going to have any jobs and future at all in West Virginia, we must get beyond the stranglehold of mountaintop removal coal operations and find a way to bring new jobs and life to our mountain communities.

This could be your greatest legacy, among many, Sen. Byrd.

Just yesterday, I was telling some folks there was probably no West Virginia political figure but Senator Byrd who could — or would be willing to take the heat for — pushing for some real changes in the way mountaintop removal is regulated, or at least trying to navigate our state and region toward some middle ground on this divisive issue, and in the process pave the way for some sort of green revolution that would give our state an economic future that is more diverse.

So will something like that happen? We’ll obviously have to wait and see. But there was something fascinating about the tone — and about the specific words used — in Senator Byrd’s statement about this fact-finding trip by his aides:

During their visit, they are also expected to evaluate the on-going flood recovery efforts, and discuss concerns expressed to my office about the impact of mountain-top mining and the severity of damage from the recent floods.”

What? A politician from West Virginia actually wanting to go and see the impacts  of mountaintop removal — and using the word flooding in the same sentence?


And there was one word that was missing from Byrd’s 198-word statement: Jobs.

When is the last time a political leader from Appalachia said anything about coal and mountaintop removal without focusing almost exclusively on jobs?

That’s not to say Senator Byrd doesn’t care about jobs for West Virginians. Nobody is crazy enough — not even me –  to say that isn’t at the top of his list of priorities.  But Sen. Byrd is nothing if not his own man, and he’s one political leader here in the coalfields that the coal industry can’t pressure into doing something he doesn’t want to do.

Of course, Byrd has been an unapologetic supporter of mountaintop removal. A decade ago, he led the West Virginia congressional delegation’s efforts to overturn U.S. District Judge Charles H. Haden II’s ruling that blocked valley fills. And at the time, Byrd made his feelings about environmentalists who opposed mountaintop removal very clear. As I wrote then:

“Let me assure you: My amendment is not the toxic monster that it is purported to be,” Byrd said. “But you certainly wouldn’t know that from all the frothing at the mouth by people who either have no idea what they are talking about, or who, for some reason, are deliberately trying to mislead.” Byrd attacked environmentalists, ridiculing them for carrying banners and signs. He noted that protesters have shown up recently at several of his own re-election campaign events.

“These head-in-the-cloud individuals peddle dreams of an idyllic life among old-growth trees, but they seem ignorant of the fact that, without the mines, jobs will disappear, tables will go bare, schools will not have the revenue to teach our children, towns will not have the income to provide even basic services,” Byrd said.

But in the last few years, Byrd has been no friend to the industry, blasting unsafe mining conditions and pushing for tougher federal enforcement following the Sago, Aracoma, Darby and Crandall Canyon mine disasters. For example, read this speech, given just after Sago:

 Another small, coal-mining town in West Virginia went into deep mourning, and again an entire State wept with them. Once again, the national media rushed in to report the disaster to the world. Once again editorials filled newspapers across the country decrying the dangers of mining coal, denouncing the callousness of coal companies, and questioning the commitment of state and federal officials to mine safety.

As a child of the Appalachian coalfields, as the son of a West Virginia coal miner, as a U.S. Senator representing one of the most important coal producing states in the Nation, let me say, I’ve seen it all before.

First the disaster. Then the weeping. Then the outrage. And we are all too familiar with what comes next! After a few weeks, when the cameras are gone, when the ink on the editorials has dried, everything returns to business as usual. The health and safety of America’s coal miners, the men and women upon whom the Nation depends so much, is once again forgotten until the next explosion. But, not this time.

And it wasn’t so long ago that Senator Byrd met with Ed Wiley, the Raleigh County grandfather who walked all the way to Washington to call attention Marsh Fork Elementary School’s precarious location downstream from Massey Energy’s huge coal-slurry impoundment: